Eucalyptus Object Storage Gateway with Riak CS

By Imran Hossain Shaon | January 01, 2014

Eucalyptus 4.0 is the next major release of Eucalyptus. One of the exciting features of this release is Object Storage Gateways (OSG). It uses Riak CS as scalable storage backend. It also works with Walrus as storage backend. Object Storage Gateway first came out as tech preview in 3.4 release. To use Riak CS with OSG it is required to have an existing Riak CS setup.

In this post we will setup a minimal Riak CS setup to work with Eucalyptus OSG. For this demo I am using a Eucalyptus 4.0 setup from the currently available source from github. Here, we will be installing all the necessary Riak CS components on the same host that we are using for frontend, which is what we say a proof of concept setup and not recommended for production deployment.


Eucalyptus 4.0 introduces a new component Object Storage Gateway (OSG). Run the following command from Cloud Controller(CLC) to register this new component,

euca-register-object-storage-gateway --partition objectstorage --host <osg host ip address> <component name>

Most likely the OSG component status will be BROKEN at this point, until we configure Eucalyptus properties to work with Riak CS.

Riak CS installation and configuration:


Riak CS is built on top of Riak, one of the most popular open source distributed database. To install basic Riak CS we will need to install Riak, Stanchion and finally Riak CS. (Riak 1.4.6, Stanchion 1.4.3, Riak 1.4.3).

Set the user limit to a higher number,

ulimit -n 65536

Install Riak CS,

yum install -y

yum install -y riak stanchion riak-cs

Rest of the configuration steps are very straight-forward and can be found here.

By default Riak CS uses port 8080, while Eucalyptus also uses this port for http redirect. We need to change either of the ports to resolve the port conflict and get both Riak CS and Eucalyptus running on the same host.

To modify Eucalyptus port, run the following from CLC,

euca-modify-property -p www.http_port=<port>

To modify Riak CS port, change the port from /etc/riak-cs/app.config,

{cs_port, "<port>" } ,

While installing Riak CS, we created an admin user and got a similar json output with id, key_id and key_secret. These credentials can be used to access Riak Cloud Storage like Amazon S3.

    "email": "",
    "display_name": "admin",
    "name": "admin",
    "key_id": "BMNVZPO4ZXYAYEIFF9PG",
    "key_secret": "JXvFrTEx4eqirMGJnYZqvZiek7ZDema_1FM2CQ==",
    "id": "f181fac1f8d24fdeec39adbbbba5d13297aa6de056e1b26dc0c9e4a723cec7b2",
    "status": "enabled"

To use Riak CS with Eucalyptus OSG we need to modify the at least the following Eucalyptus properties,

PROPERTY	objectstorage.providerclient	s3
DESCRIPTION	objectstorage.providerclient	Object Storage Provider client to use for backend
PROPERTY	objectstorage.s3provider.s3endpoint	<riakcs_ip:port>
DESCRIPTION	objectstorage.s3provider.s3endpoint	External S3 endpoint.
PROPERTY	objectstorage.s3provider.s3accesskey	********
DESCRIPTION	objectstorage.s3provider.s3accesskey	External S3 Access Key.
PROPERTY	objectstorage.s3provider.s3secretkey	********
DESCRIPTION	objectstorage.s3provider.s3secretkey	External S3 Secret Key.

For Riak CS the objectstorage.providerclient will be s3, when using Walrus, the value for this property will be walrus.

Check this wiki link for few other optional configurable options.

Eucalyptus Object Storage Gateway (OSG) service status should be ENABLED now and ready to be used. Point your favorite S3 client to OSG and start using AWS compatible Object Storage.

You can use Eutester if you want to try out Eucalyptus 4.0 with OSG and Riak CS quickly. Setup Eutester and run the following script,

./ \
--password foobar \
--config /path/to/config \
--template-path "/templates/" \
--riak-cs-port <port> \
--admin-name <admin_user_name> \
--admin-email <admin_user_email>

The following python script can be used for quick OSG + Riak CS test,

import boto
from boto.ec2.regioninfo import RegionInfo
from boto.s3.connection import OrdinaryCallingFormat

if __name__ == '__main__':


    conns3osg = boto.connect_s3(aws_access_key_id=accesskey,


Happy New Year Everyone!

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